Optic neuritis is inflammation of the optic nerve, the structure that connects the eye to the brain. Symptoms from optic neuritis can include blurred vision and blind spots. Other visual symptoms may include distorted vision, reduced color vision and pain when moving your eyes. Optic neurtis most commonly occurs in adults younger than forty-five and affects more women than men. However, it can affect individuals at any age if they suffer from auto-immune disorders, such as Rheumatoid Arthritis or Diabetes. In some people, signs and symptoms of optic neuritis may be an indication of multiple sclerosis, a condition resulting in inflammation and damage to nerves in your brain and spinal cord. Most people who experience a single episode of optic neuritis eventually recover their vision. During an eye exam, your eye care professional will look for signs of optic neuritis, by conducting tests to evaluate whether you have reduced vision. Your eye pressure will be measured, and your pupils will be dilated to provide a better view of the eye's interior structures, including the optic nerve and retina. Optic neuritis typically gets better on its own. In some cases, steroid medications are used to help reduce inflammation in the optic nerve.
Learn more at the American Academy of Ophthalmology website.